What is Reformed Theology?
There are many misnomers about what Reformed Theology is and isn’t. One thing to get out of the way is that Calvinism isn’t all that being Reformed is about. Many people use the words “Calvinism” and “Reformed” interchangeably, to mean a belief in the doctrines of grace. The word “Calvinism” comes from the Reformer John Calvin, who was the first to outline the doctrines of grace. Today, we use the acronym TULIP to outline the five main points of the doctrines of grace. So it basically boils down to mean that someone who is a “Calvinist” holds to “TULIP”, a.k.a. the doctrines of grace.
TULIP stands for:
Total Depravity (also known as Total Inability and Original Sin)
Limited Atonement (also known as Particular Atonement)
Perseverance of the Saints (also known as Once Saved Always Saved)
These five categories do not comprise Calvinism in totality. They simply represent some of its main points.
When you step into Reformed theology, it is belief in the doctrines of grace as listed in the TULIP acronym, but it is much, much more. For example, you can attend a “Calvinistic” church that holds to the doctrines of grace, but if it’s faith statement mainly only covers those points, without the confessions and catechisms, then it cannot technically be called Reformed. (Or maybe could be called “semi-Reformed.”)
Here is a list of podcast episodes by Theology Gals that will explain some main points of being Reformed:
A friend shared a document written by Pastor Brandon Solberg:
“What It Means to Be Reformed”
What it means to be “Historically Reformed”:
– Affirm the great “sola’s” (Latin for “only”) of the Reformation.
Sola Gratia…Grace Alone
Sola Fide…Faith Alone
Solus Christus…Christ Alone
Sola Scriptura…Scripture Alone
Soli Deo Gloria…To the Glory of God Alone
To summarize, salvation by Grace Alone, through Faith Alone, in Christ Alone, according to the Scriptures Alone, to the Glory of God Alone.
– Affirm and promote a profoundly high view of the supremacy and sovereignty of God in all things and sees God as actively involved in His creation, governing and overseeing all the affairs of men. cf. Psalm 115:3; Job 34:14-15; 37:6-13; Daniel 4:35.
– Affirm the utter dependence of sinful man, upon God, in all things, especially concerning salvation.
– Affirm the Doctrines of Grace (commonly referred to as Calvinism), which display God as the author of salvation from beginning to end.
The acrostic TULIP (which is a summation of the Canons of Dort) is the most familiar way of delineating the doctrines of Grace. TULIP is made up of 5 points, which are:
* T – Total Depravity
* U – Unconditional Election
* L – Limited Atonement
* I – Irresistible Grace
* P – Perseverance, and Preservation, of the Saints
– Creedal – To affirm the great creeds of the historic, orthodox church.
The Apostles’ Creed
The Nicene Creed
The Definition of Chalcedon
– Confessional – To affirm one, or more, of the great confessions of the historic orthodox church.
* The Westminster Standards
– The Westminster Confession of Faith
– The Westminster Longer Catechism
– The Westminster Shorter Catechism
* Reformed Baptist Standards
– 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith
– The Baptist Catechism
– Orthodox Catechism
* The Three Forms of Unity
– The Belgic Confession of Faith
– The Heidelberg Catechism
– The Canons of Dortrecht
– Covenantal – To affirm the great covenants of Scripture and see those covenants as the means by which God interacts with and accomplishes His purposes in His creation, with mankind. The Scriptures contain numerous examples of God “covenanting” with man, establishing and ordaining a variety of covenants.
– A high view of Scripture, in it’s necessity, infallibility, sufficiency and internal consistency, and our dependence upon it to learn what God has revealed about Himself, His commands, and His way of salvation.
– A high view of the church in preaching (the exposition and application of God’s Word), the ordinances, discipline, prayer, worship (Regulative Principal), fellowship, and evangelism, all encompassed in the keeping of the Christian Sabbath, commonly called the Lord’s Day.
– A distinctly Biblical, Christian worldview that permeates all of life, a life lived in the world, but at the same time, a life not oriented to the world and it’s standards, but oriented to God’s Word.
– A clear understanding of the distinction between, and relationship of, Law and Gospel.
The Law has Three Uses:
1) The civil use. The law serves the commonwealth or body politic as a force to restrain sin. The law restrains evil through punishment. Though the law cannot change the heart, it can inhibit sin by threats of judgment, especially when backed by a civil code that administers punishment for proven offenses.
2) The pedagogical use. The law also shows people the perfect righteousness of God, and their sinfulness which deserves punishment, and points them to mercy and grace outside of themselves, found in the Gospel alone.
3) The moral, normative, sanctifying use. The moral standards of the law provide guidance for believers as they seek to live in humble gratitude for the grace God has shown us. This use of the law is for those who trust in Christ and have been justified by grace alone, through faith alone, apart from works.
The 2nd use of the Law and its perfect requirement points us to the Gospel (good news) of the purchased redemption and free grace of the Son, for God’s people, and the Gospel, once applied by the Holy Spirit, then points us back to the third use of the Law in delight to obey its commands to the glory of God as a new creation in Christ Jesus.